Aquaculture Pond Fertilization: Impacts of Nutrient Input on Production

Ponds are a primary production system to a wide variety of freshwater fish species. Each species have specific and unique nutrient needs and successful pond fertilization is critical to a successful aquaculture enterprise. Aquaculture Pond Fertilization: Impacts of Nutrient Input on Production provides state-of-the-art information for successful fertilization strategies for a broad range of pond-raised species.

ISBN: 978-0-470-95922-0

Edited By: Charles C. Mischke

ISBN: 978-0-470-95922-0

Hardcover, 308 pages


Aquaculture Pond Fertilization attempts to rectify the seemingly contradictory nutrient recommendations by clearly defining the goals of specific types of aquaculture. Chapters are divided into three sections: The first reviews basic concepts in fertilization applicable to all pond-based production. The second looks at specific nutrient management approaches. The third and final section of chapters looks specifically at key freshwater pond species ranging from tilapia to perch and discusses specific fertilization needs for the successful rearing of these in-demand fish.

Looking across species with chapters contributed by leaders in the field Aquaculture Pond Fertilization provides succinct single-volume coverage of an oft-neglected, but vitally important topic in aquaculture production.

Contributors vii

Preface ix


Section 1: General Fertilization Concepts 1


Chapter 1 Nutrient Cycling 3
Claude E. Boyd


Chapter 2 Pond Ecology 23
Ana Milstein


Chapter 3 Organic and Inorganic Fertilization 33
Richard W. Soderberg


Chapter 4 Water Quality and Pond Fertilization 47
laude E. Boyd


Chapter 5 Environmental Issues in Pond Fertilization 65
Claude E. Boyd and Li Li


Chapter 6 Controlling Plant Pests before Fertilization 73
Jimmy L. Avery


Section 2: Management Approaches to Pond Fertilization 93


Chapter 7 Management Strategy 1: Manipulation of Pond Nutrient Ratios 95
Jian G. Qin


Chapter 8 Management Strategy 2: The Algal Bioassay Fertilization Strategy—An Ecological Approach for Efficient Pond Fertilization 111
Christopher F. Knud-Hansen


Chapter 9 Management Strategy 3: Fixed-Rate Fertilizer Applications 129
Charles C. Mischke


Section 3: Common Fertilization Practices Currently Used for Production of Selected Species under Various Culture Conditions 135


Chapter 10 Channel Catfish Pond Fertilization 137
Charles C. Mischke


Chapter 11 Walleye and Yellow Perch Pond Fertilization 147
Christopher F. Hartleb, J. Alan Johnson, and James A. Held


Chapter 12 Some Principles of Pond Fertilization for Nile Tilapia Using Organic and Inorganic Inputs 163
James S. Diana


Chapter 13 Fertilizing Sunshine Bass Production Ponds 179
Gerald M. Ludwig


Chapter 14 Challenges to the Intensification of Largemouth Bass Culture 197
Shawn D. Coyle, Gerald Kurten, Steve Marple, and James H. Tidwell


Chapter 15 Baitfish Pond Fertilization 217
Nathan Stone


Chapter 16 Carp Pond Fertilization 235
Debajyoti Chakrabarty and Sanjib Kumar Das


Chapter 17 Sportfish Pond Fertilization 245
J. Wesley Neal and Robert Kr¨oger


Chapter 18 Fertilization of Marine Finfish Nursery Ponds for Aquaculture Production 259
Charles R. Weirich and Jesse A. Chappell


Index 277

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