Aquaculture America 2021

August 11 - 14, 2021

San Antonio, Texas

Add To Calendar 14/08/2021 09:45:0014/08/2021 10:05:00America/ChicagoAquaculture America 2021CHARACTERIZING THE DIGESTIVE ENZYME ONTOGENY AND GASTROINTESTINAL MORPHOLOGY TO INFORM LARVAL FEEDING PROTOCOLS FORBLACKBANDED SUNFISH Enneacanthus chaetodonRoom 16The World Aquaculture Societyjohnc@was.orgfalseanrl65yqlzh3g1q0dme13067DD/MM/YYYY

CHARACTERIZING THE DIGESTIVE ENZYME ONTOGENY AND GASTROINTESTINAL MORPHOLOGY TO INFORM LARVAL FEEDING PROTOCOLS FORBLACKBANDED SUNFISH Enneacanthus chaetodon

Casey A. Murray* , Amy  L.  Wood, Taylor  N. Lipscomb , Quenton Tuckett, Joshua Patterson, and Matthew A. DiMaggio
 
Tropical Aquaculture Lab
Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Institute of Food and Agriculture Science
University of Florida
Ruskin, FL 33570
casey.murray@ufl.edu
 

Blackbanded Sunfish (Enneacanthus chaetodon ) are small  ornamental centrarchids endemic to lakes and slow-moving water bodies from New Jersey to Central Florida. Their distribution has been increasingly fragmented due to habitat degradation, competition with non-native species, and  in some cases,  collection for the aquarium trade.  Developing larval culture protocols is  essential for the  production of this species for the  aquarium trade and for potential reintroduction to areas of extirpation .  To gain insight into appropriate  larval feeding and weaning protocols, the ontogeny of digestive enzyme activity and digestive tract morphology  was assessed.  E. chaetodon  larvae were sampled 11 times from one-day post-hatch (dph ) to 50 dph  and analyzed for trypsin, lipase, and acid protease activity via spectrophotometric microplate assays. Histochemistry was used to visualize neutral and acidic mucopolysaccharides and gastric glands.  The presence of gastric glands and acid protease activity indicated that  E. chaetodon transition ed  from agastric to gastric digestion at 40 dph . These data were used to design a trial to identify the appropriate timing for weaning larvae from live feeds to an inert microparticulate diet (MD). E. chaetodon larvae  were assigned one of four feeding regimes:  Artemia  nauplii (control) or transition to MD at 36, 42, or 48 dph with a five-day cofeeding period (n=4).  After feeding for 25 days, s urvival was greatest in the control group  or when MD was introduced at 48 dph , and no differences in length were found (Figure 1).  These data were used to design a dietetics trial  to test the efficacy of commercially available MDs.  48 dph larvae were assigned one of four diets: Artemia nauplii (control), or one of three MDs (n=4) .  Certain MDs yielded higher survival than others and no differences in total length were found. Overall, larval E. chaetodon begin to transition to an adult mode of digestion around 40 dph and can be successfully transitioned to a MD after 48 dph without significantly affecting survival or growthtotal length.