World Aquaculture - September 2023

WWW.WAS.ORG • WORLD AQUACULTURE • SEPTEMBER 2023 1 WORLD AQUACULTURE MAGAZINE WORLD AQUACULTURE magazine is published by the World Aquaculture Society. The home office address is: World Aquaculture Society, PO Box 397, Sorrento LA 70778-0397 USA. P and F: +1-225-347-5408; Email: World Aquaculture Society Home Page: WORLD AQUACULTURE SOCIETY OFFICERS, 2023-24 Humberto Villarreal, President Jennifer Cobcroft Blair, Immediate Past President David Cline, President-Elect Reginald Blaylock, Treasurer Rumaitha Al Busaidi, Secretary DIRECTORS Victoria Tarus Hillary Egna Angela Caporelli Etienne Hinrichsen Shivaun Leonard Yahira Piedrahita Marina M. Rubio Benito, Student Director CHAPTER REPRESENTATIVES John Walakira, African Salin Krishna, Asian Pacific Ik Kyo Chung, Korean Francisco Javier Martínez Cordero, Latin America and Caribbean Anita Kelly, USAS HOME OFFICE STAFF Judy Edwards Andrasko, Director, Killian A. Haydel, Assistant Director, WORLD AQUACULTURE EDITORIAL STAFF C. Greg Lutz, Editor-in-Chief Mary Nickum, Editor Linda Noble, Layout Editor WAS CONFERENCES AND SALES John Cooksey, Executive Director of Conferences and Sales World Aquaculture Conference Management P.O. Box 2302, Valley Center, CA 92082 P: +1-760-751-5005; F: +1-760-751-5003 Email: MANUSCRIPTS AND CORRESPONDENCE Submit manuscripts as Microsoft Word files to Mary Nickum, Editor, World Aquaculture magazine. Email: Letters to the Editor or other comments should be sent to the Editor-in-Chief, C. Greg Lutz at WORLD AQUACULTURE (ISSN 1041-5602), is published quarterly by the World Aquaculture Society, 6203 Jonathan Alaric Avenue, Gonzales, LA 70737 USA. Library subscription price $50 annually for United States addresses and $65 annually for addresses outside the United States. Individual subscriptions are a benefit of membership in the World Aquaculture Society. Annual membership dues: Students, $45; Individuals, $65; Corporations (for-profit), $255; Sustaining, $105 (individuals or non-profits); Lifetime (individuals) $1,100. Periodical postage paid at Sorrento Louisiana and additional mailing offices. Twenty-five percent of dues is designated for subscription to World Aquaculture magazine. POSTMASTER Please send address changes to World Aquaculture Society, PO Box 397, Sorrento, LA 70778-0397 USA. ©2023, The World Aquaculture Society. W RLD AQUACULTURE VOL. 54 NO. 3 SEPTEMBER 2023 13 the Journal of the World Aquaculture Society Editor’s Choice Awards 15 Co-culture of Grazer Species and Bivalves: an Opportunity as a Nature-based Solution for Food Darien D. Mizuta, William Walton and Ricardo L. Cruz 18 Evolution of Aquaculture Value Chain Development in Zambia — Approaching a Century of Demonstrated Resilience Alexander Shula Kefi 22 Structural Changes of the Digestive Tract of Barred Sand Bass Paralabrax nebulifer During the Larval Period O. Rosales-Navarro, M.O. Rosales-Velázquez and J.L. Ortiz-Galindo 26 Role of Oysters and Sediment in Anoxia Processes in a Shellfish Farmed Lagoon Julie Le Ray, Béatrice Bec, Annie Fiandrino, Marion Richard 30 Sewage Fed Aquaculture in East Kolkata Wetland R. N. Mandal, Farhana Hoque, S. Adhikari, B. N. Paul, and D. N. Chattopadhyay 35 Can High Salinity Affect the Catfish Pathogen Aeromonas hydrophila? Haitham H. Mohammed, Wenlong Cai and Timothy J. Bruce 39 Find My Oyster — A Software Tool for Improved Bottom Culture Shellfish Farming Gudjon Magnusson 42 Utilization of Exogenous Enzymes in Aquafeeds Mir Ishfaq Nazir, Irfan Ahmad Bhat, Ngairangbam Sushila and Jaffer Yousf Dar 46 Effect of Protein Reduction with Indispensable Amino Acid Supplementation in Nile Tilapia Diets Sara Youssef, Shimaa M.R. Salem, Rania E. Mahmoud and Tarek I. Mohamed 49 Growth Patterns and Early Development of Pacific Seahorse Hippocampus ingens Under Culture Conditions Renato Peña and Eliezer Zúñiga-Villarreal 54 Freshwater Cage Culture in India: Prospects and Constraints Rameshwar Venkatrao Bhosle, Stephen Sampath Kumar and Somu Sunder Lingam 58 The Diverse Research Applications of Fish Cell Lines Suja Aarattuthodi 63 Exotic Fish Species Introductions and Risks to Biodiversity and Ecosystems: a Review and Nigerian Perspectives Anthony A. Nlewadim and O. Alum-Udensi 68 The Need for Aquaculture Macrogenetics: Using the Shrimp Industry as an Example E Hu. PhD 70 AUTHORSHIP: Who Actually Wrote It? Mary Nickum, Editor, World Aquaculture Magazine COVER: Multiple species are produced using wastewater from East Kolkata Wetlands, with average daily harvests of 50 tons. See story, page 30. (CONTENTS CONTINUED ON PAGE 2)